NEW DELHI: The recurrence of cyberattacks has risen with the rapid advancement of technology. The ascending rate of digitalisation, and varied and intricate cyber threats are pushing the workforce to upgrade their skills and broaden their range of specialisation.
Cybersecurity is important as it prevents data breaches, theft, and attacks, and protects sensitive data and information. It serves as a shield against data loss, financial loss, and any other harm to the organisation.
Staffing firm TeamLease, while citing the data from the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), said 1.39 million cybersecurity incidents were reported in India alone in 2022. It added that out of the cyberattacks on manufacturing companies, ransomware accounted for 23%.
According to TeamLease as of May 2023, the cybersecurity industry saw approximately 40,000 open opportunities, however, the demand-supply gap continues to grow by 30% near the end of 2023.
While cybersecurity is a highly technical and advanced domain, several entry-level jobs are available. Thou all individuals must have at least 3 years of experience with a bachelor’s degree and 1-2 years of experience with a master’s degree.
Besides experience, soft skills such as problem-solving capabilities, communication, teamwork, and collaboration also are welcomed. While the industry is implementing computerisation and AI technologies for specific tasks, strategic tasks such as threat analysis, proactive security measures, and AI-based responses will still be a focus for IT professionals.
Here are some jobs currently in demand in the cybersecurity sector:
IT Auditor: IT Auditor, or Information Systems Auditor, ensures the quality of an organization’s IT systems or databases. Some of the responsibilities of an IT Auditor include setting audit objectives, gathering data by interviewing department employees or comparing current procedures to IT department standards and creating actionable plans to improve IT systems.
The skills needed for the job of IT Auditor are knowledge of IT security and infrastructure, risk management, analytical skills, written and verbal communications, interpersonal skills, and self-educating capacity.
Information Security Analyst: Information security analysts plan and carry out security features to protect the business’ computer networks and systems. They have to anticipate potential danger in the systems and use their ingenuity to implement new methods to protect the company’s systems.
The qualifications of the Information Security Analyst are Bachelor’s in Computer Science, programming or information assurance. Some companies also prefer IT analysts with a Master’s of Business Administration in Information Systems.
Network/IT Security Engineer/Specialist: Network/IT security engineers work in a variety of settings and industries. They identify threats and vulnerabilities in the company’s IT system and software architecture and prepare for potential threats.
They also test security systems and advise management on policies and procedures related to the IT industry. The role requires a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science or a related field with 5 or more years of experience as a System Security Engineer or related position.
Cybersecurity Manager: Cybersecurity manager maintains security systems, identifies system vulnerabilities, and creates strategies to prevent any cyber attack. They also manage a team of IT professionals and identify security gaps, design firewalls, create proactive solutions and provide security reports.
A degree in cybersecurity, computer science, computer engineering, information assurance or another field related to information technology is needed for the role of cybersecurity manager.
Security Testing/Penetration Tester: Penetration testers mimic cyberattacks to identify and report security flaws on computer systems, networks and infrastructure, including internet sites. A degree in subjects such as computer science and computing and information systems is required, with 2-4 years of experience in a role related to information security.
The key responsibilities include planning and creating penetration methods, scripts and tests, carrying out remote testing of a client’s network or onsite testing to expose weaknesses in security, simulating security breaches to test a system’s relative security.
Computer Forensics Analyst: Computer forensics analysts find, examine, and analyse evidence of online, digital or data-based illegal activities or crimes. They use specialised software and tools to trace and retrieve data, stolen information or funds. They also detect data breaches, hacking attempts, network intrusions and online scam attempts.
A Bachelor of Computer Science or Bachelor of Information Technology degree is needed for the role, specialising in cyber security, applied cloud or information technology, software engineering, data science or cyber law.
Cyber/Cloud Security Architect: A bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field with at least 5 years of cloud security experience, focusing on designing and implementing secure cloud computing solutions is needed for the role of cloud security architect.
A cloud security architect designs and implements cloud security strategies and policies that meet an organisation’s specific needs. They also ensure security of cloud-based data and applications against unauthorized access, theft, and other threats by conducting regular security assessments and audits to identify vulnerabilities and develop plans to address them.