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Cyber Briefing: 2024.02.02. 👉 What are the latest cybersecurity… | by CyberMaterial | Feb, 2024 | #hacking | #cybersecurity | #infosec | #comptia | #pentest | #ransomware


👉 What are the latest cybersecurity alerts, incidents, and news?

FritzFrog, Log4Shell, PurpleFox Malware, Ukraine, HeadCrab 2.0, Redis Servers, Cryptocurrency Mining, Commando Cat, Docker, Multi-Payload Cryptojacking, VajraSpy Android RAT, Cloudflare, Nation-State, Source Code Breach, Cyber Attack, Albanian Institute of Statistics, Telefonica, CasaSpeciale, AlphaTeam, Sirius Federal, Uber, Data Transparency Violations, Okta, Workforce Reduction, Operational Efficiency, UK Accounting Leaders, Blackbaud, FTC, Ransomware Attack, Belarusian, Money Laundering Case.

Welcome to Cyber Briefing, the newsletter that informs you about the latest cybersecurity advisories, alerts, incidents and news every weekday.

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1. FritzFrog’s Log4Shell Menace Unleashed

The threat actor behind the FritzFrog botnet has unleashed a new variant, exploiting the Log4Shell vulnerability to spread within compromised networks. This malware, initially discovered in 2020, has evolved to target various sectors, deploying cryptocurrency miners and accumulating over 1,500 victims. Notably, the latest version uses Log4Shell as a secondary vector, focusing on internal hosts, even if internet-facing applications are patched, posing a heightened risk for unpatched internal systems.

2. PurpleFox Hits Computers in Ukraine

A cryptojacking campaign named Commando Cat is targeting exposed Docker API endpoints over the internet. The campaign utilizes Docker as an initial access vector, deploying a benign container generated using the Commando project. The attack involves escaping the container to run multiple payloads on the Docker host, exploiting the environment to deploy cryptocurrency miners, register persistence, backdoor the host, and exfiltrate cloud service provider credentials. Active since the beginning of 2024, Commando Cat represents a versatile and stealthy threat, combining credential stealing, a backdoor, and cryptocurrency mining in a single attack, making it challenging to detect and mitigate.

3. HeadCrab 2.0 Cryptocurrency Threat

A financially-motivated threat actor behind the malware HeadCrab has adapted and refined tactics, doubling the number of infected Redis servers, now totaling 2,300, according to Aqua researchers. HeadCrab targets internet-exposed Redis servers to create a botnet for cryptocurrency mining, execute shell commands, load fileless kernel modules, and exfiltrate data. With an advanced evasion technique in its fileless loader mechanism and covert command-and-control communications using Redis MGET, HeadCrab 2.0 poses increased challenges for detection, highlighting the need for continuous research and development in security tools and practices.

4. Commando Cat Strikes Docker

A cryptojacking campaign named Commando Cat is targeting exposed Docker API endpoints over the internet. The campaign utilizes Docker as an initial access vector, deploying a benign container generated using the Commando project. The attack involves escaping the container to run multiple payloads on the Docker host, exploiting the environment to deploy cryptocurrency miners, register persistence, backdoor the host, and exfiltrate cloud service provider credentials. Active since the beginning of 2024, Commando Cat represents a versatile and stealthy threat, combining credential stealing, a backdoor, and cryptocurrency mining in a single attack, making it challenging to detect and mitigate.

5. VajraSpy Android RAT Targets Users

A malicious Android remote access trojan (RAT) named VajraSpy has been discovered in 12 applications, six of which were available on Google Play from April 1, 2021, through September 10, 2023. Disguised as messaging or news apps, these malicious apps, now removed from Google Play, can steal personal data, including contacts and messages, and even record phone calls based on granted permissions. The Patchwork APT group, active since at least late 2015 and primarily targeting users in Pakistan, is behind this campaign, according to ESET researchers.

6. Cloudflare Hit by Source Code Breach

Cloudflare recently revealed a likely nation-state attack on its Atlassian server, exposing documentation and source code. Detected between November 14 and 24, 2023, the sophisticated actor aimed at persistent and widespread access to Cloudflare’s global network. The breach led to the unauthorized viewing and potential exfiltration of 76 source code repositories, emphasizing the need for heightened security measures in the face of evolving cyber threats.

7. Albania’s INSTAT Cyber Attack

Albania’s Institute of Statistics (INSTAT) faced a sophisticated cyberattack on January 31, 2024, prompting a swift response to disconnect internet connections and activate emergency protocols. Initial examinations revealed some system impact, leading to collaboration with national cybersecurity experts for a thorough investigation. Despite the attack, INSTAT assures the public that Census data remains secure in separate specialized systems, while efforts are underway to identify the attackers, restore normal operations, and enhance cybersecurity measures.

8. Telefonica’s Alleged Data Breach

A hacker claims unauthorized access to Spain’s Telefonica, raising concerns about data compromise and motives. While the company’s website appears unaffected, details on the data breach remain undisclosed. This incident follows previous cybersecurity challenges, emphasizing the growing trend of cyber threats against global telecom companies, prompting regulatory bodies to consider significant cybersecurity reforms in response to evolving challenges.

9. CasaSpeciale Data Breach

Italy’s CasaSpeciale faces a cyber breach by “AlphaTeam,” known for compromising Federprivacy previously. The alleged sale of user emails and encrypted passwords raises significant privacy concerns. With the website currently inaccessible, questions linger about the authenticity of the threat, emphasizing the urgent need for enhanced cybersecurity measures and prompt communication from affected organizations in the face of escalating cyber threats.

10. Sirius Federal Faces Sensitive Data Breach

Tech giant CDW-G’s subsidiary, Sirius Federal, falls victim to a cyberattack, exposing sensitive details, including medical records of thousands. The breach, detected on August 2nd, 2023, affects individuals linked to government contracts, such as the General Services Administration and the Department of Defense’s Enterprise Software Initiative. In response, Sirius Federal promises victims two years of free credit monitoring and identity protection services amid concerns about potential malicious use of the breached data.

11. Uber Fined €10M for GDPR Violations

Uber is slapped with a 10 million euro fine by the Dutch data protection authority for non-transparent data handling. The penalty stems from complaints filed by 172 French Uber drivers and a civil society organization, alleging inadequate data access and retention practices violating the European GDPR. The regulator criticizes Uber’s obstructive approach to user privacy rights, emphasizing the need for clarity and transparency in handling customer data.

12. Okta Cuts Workforce for Efficiency

Identity and access management giant Okta announces a 7% workforce reduction, affecting 400 employees in its second round of layoffs within the past year. The restructuring, expected to cost $24 million in severance and benefits, aims at achieving greater operational efficiency, according to CEO Todd McKinnon. Despite a recent history of security incidents, including a September 2023 hack and a 2022 server breach, Okta stock sees a 1.8% increase, reflecting ongoing challenges in the cybersecurity market, where companies face pressures to balance growth and profitability.

13. UK Taskforce Enhances Finance Cybersecurity

The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) collaborates with the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) and 12 other key industry representatives to launch a task force focused on improving the security of corporate finance deals. This initiative addresses the increasing cyber threats faced by chartered accountants and aims to provide comprehensive guidance to companies engaging in financial transactions, including fundraising, M&A deals, and IPOs. The Cyber Security in Corporate Finance taskforce, featuring organizations such as Deloitte, EY, and the London Stock Exchange, will publish crucial insights on building resilience against cyber-attacks, protecting sensitive data, and responding to breaches to safeguard the deal making process.

14. Blackbaud FTC Settlement

Blackbaud, an U.S.-based cloud provider, settles with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) following charges of poor security and data retention practices leading to a 2020 ransomware attack and a massive data breach. The FTC’s complaint alleges failures in monitoring hacking attempts, implementing adequate security controls, and ensuring secure employee practices, including the use of weak passwords. As part of the settlement, Blackbaud is ordered to enhance its security measures, implement a data retention schedule, and promptly notify the FTC of any future breaches, emphasizing the responsibility of companies to secure and appropriately manage the data they maintain.

15. BTC-e Cybercrime Arrest

The U.S. Department of Justice announces the arrest of Aliaksandr Klimenka, a Belarusian and Cypriot national allegedly linked to the now-defunct cryptocurrency exchange BTC-e. Klimenka faces charges related to money laundering, with prosecutors stating that BTC-e operated as a significant cybercrime entity allowing users to trade bitcoin with high anonymity levels, attracting a customer base heavily involved in criminal activity. Arrested in Latvia and indicted in 2022, Klimenka could face up to 25 years in prison if convicted on counts of money laundering conspiracy and operating an unlicensed money services business.

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