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Cyber Briefing: 2024.05.27. 👉 What’s happening in cybersecurity… | by CyberMaterial | May, 2024 | #hacking | #cybersecurity | #infosec | #comptia | #pentest | #ransomware

👉 What’s happening in cybersecurity today?

Fake Antivirus Websites, Malware, Android, Windows, MacOS, Cloudflare Workers, Phishing Campaigns, Python Minesweeper Clone, BitLocker, ShrinkLocker ransomware, Sav-Rx Data Breach, Albany County, Cyber Attack, South African Department of Justice, Child Maintenance, Eindhoven City, Personal Data Exposure, Saving Country Music, Cyber Attack, EU, University-Intel Collaboration, US Customs Agencies, Biometric Data Lawsuit, European Commission, Microsoft, EDPS Office 365 Decision, Canada, Breach Reporting Forms, Elon Musk, xAI, $6 Billion Investment, AI Development

Welcome to Cyber Briefing, the newsletter that informs you about the latest cybersecurity advisories, alerts, incidents and news every weekday.

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1. Fake Antivirus Sites Spread Malware

Cybercriminals are using fake websites that mimic Avast, Bitdefender, and Malwarebytes to spread malware on Android and Windows devices. These sites trick users into downloading harmful software capable of stealing sensitive information and controlling infected devices. The malware includes dangerous variants like SpyNote, Lumma, and StealC, posing a significant threat to consumers.

2. MacOS Targeted by Malicious Software

Cybersecurity researchers have identified a series of malicious software packages targeting MacOS users. These packages, found on PyPI and NPM, were meticulously analyzed to reveal their sophisticated attack mechanisms. GuardDog, a tool released in late 2022, has been instrumental in identifying nearly 1,500 malicious packages, showcasing its effectiveness in safeguarding users.

3. Cloudflare Workers Used for Phishing

Phishing campaigns exploit Cloudflare Workers, targeting Microsoft, Gmail, Yahoo!, and cPanel Webmail users. These campaigns employ HTML smuggling and transparent phishing techniques to evade detection, highlighting the increasing sophistication of cyber threats. Cybersecurity experts warn of a surge in malvertising and DNS tunneling tactics, underscoring the need for robust security measures.

4. Minesweeper Clone Conceals Malicious Scripts

Hackers employ Python Minesweeper code to conceal malicious scripts, targeting financial institutions. The attack, attributed to threat actor ‘UAC-0188,’ utilizes legitimate code to install SuperOps RMM, granting unauthorized access. CERT-UA warns of multiple breaches across Europe and the US, urging vigilance against related indicators of compromise.

5. ShrinkLocker Encrypts Files with BitLocker

ShrinkLocker ransomware utilizes Windows BitLocker to encrypt systems, posing a threat to financial organizations. Named for its method of creating boot partitions, it encrypts data, making recovery difficult. This sophisticated malware adjusts registry entries and deletes BitLocker protectors to hinder recovery, emphasizing the need for robust cybersecurity measures.

6. Sav-Rx Data Breach Exposes 2.8M Records

Medication benefits provider Sav-Rx experienced a breach exposing 2.8M records. Prompt action and enhanced security measures were taken to contain the incident and protect affected individuals. Affected individuals are offered complimentary credit monitoring for two years.

7. Albany County Cyber Attack Investigation

Albany County finds itself embroiled in a potential cybersecurity breach, with investigations underway to ascertain the extent and nature of the attack. County Executive Dan McCoy, in a statement released on Friday, acknowledged the situation, emphasizing the need for a comprehensive analysis over the weekend. Collaborating closely with the New York State Department of Homeland Security and the Emergency Services Cyber Incident Response Team, the county aims to swiftly address any vulnerabilities and fortify its defenses against future threats.

8. SA Department of Justice Cyber Incident

The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development in South Africa faces a cyber security breach affecting child maintenance payments, prompting a temporary suspension of its electronic payment system. An investigation is underway to assess potential breaches, while beneficiaries are advised to collect manual payments until the electronic service is fully restored. The department is committed to fortifying its systems to prevent future breaches, apologizing for any inconvenience caused and expressing appreciation for patience during this period.

9. Eindhoven Citizens’ Data Exposed

A data breach in Eindhoven jeopardized the personal information of its entire populace, affecting 221,511 individuals. Despite the severity, victims were not promptly notified, raising concerns over identity theft risks. This breach underscores the critical need for stringent data protection measures and transparent communication to uphold public trust.

10. Country Music Cyber Attack Crisis

Saving Country Music endured a massive cyber attack, leaving the site inaccessible for over six hours — a first in its sixteen-year history. Despite facing a barrage of malicious IP addresses, efforts to thwart the attack centered on a controversial article about Morgan Wallen. While the site has recovered, the incident underscores the escalating threats faced by online publishers and the imperative to defend freedom of speech amid targeted assaults.

11. EU Urges University-Intel Collaboration

EU advises universities to collaborate with intelligence agencies to safeguard critical research from espionage, particularly in advanced technology fields. With increasing concerns over foreign interference and intellectual property theft, EU member states push for closer ties between research institutions and intelligence services. The move aims to address security risks arising from international cooperation, especially in areas like advanced semiconductors, artificial intelligence, and quantum technologies, crucial for the EU’s economic security.

12. US Customs Agencies Biometric Data Lawsuit

A digital rights group and Harvard Cyberlaw Clinic sue CBP and ICE for withholding information on biometric data sharing with Latin American governments. Despite FOIA requests filed 17 months ago, CBP and ICE haven’t provided the requested documents. The lawsuit targets CBP’s controversial CBP One app’s use of biometric data.

13. EU and Microsoft Appeal EDPS Decision

The European Commission is appealing a ruling that found its use of Microsoft Office apps violated EU regulations. Both the commission and Microsoft have appealed the decision, which mandates data generated by Microsoft 365 products to remain within the EU. The decision, if enforced, could compel the commission to transition away from cloud services, posing significant challenges.

14. Canada’s Improved Breach Reporting

The Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) unveils streamlined online breach reporting forms for federal institutions and businesses under privacy regulations. The new forms simplify reporting processes, allowing entities to submit comprehensive breach details efficiently. Enhanced features enable businesses to submit new reports and add documents seamlessly, ensuring compliance with privacy laws.

15. Elon Musk’s xAI Raises $6B

Elon Musk’s artificial intelligence startup, xAI, has successfully secured a significant investment of $6 billion. This substantial funding, led by prominent Silicon Valley investors, positions xAI as a major player in the rapidly evolving field of AI. With plans to bring its innovative products to market, build advanced infrastructure, and accelerate research and development efforts, xAI aims to push the boundaries of artificial intelligence technology.

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