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Here’s How to Keep Children Safe | #childsafety | #kids | #chldern | #parents | #schoolsafey


The summer heat can be excruciating, with soaring temperatures that are amplified by the impact of global warming. When the mercury rises, like the adults, children often suffer different health issues. Let’s find out how parents can keep their children safe from heat-related illness.

Heat-related Illness: Heatstroke vs Heat Exhaustion

Heatstroke

Heatstroke is a life-threatening condition caused by a malfunction in the body’s temperature regulation system. Often it happens due to exposure to high temperatures or intense physical exertion in hot weather.

Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is a milder heat-related illness resulting from prolonged heat exposure and insufficient fluid intake. It occurs when the body becomes dehydrated and loses electrolytes through excessive sweating. Without proper treatment, it can cause heatstroke.

Read more: Class 7 student dies of heat stroke, 5 fall sick in Khulna

Causes of Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion in Children

Immature Thermoregulatory System

Young children have a less developed ability to regulate their body temperature compared to adults. Their sweat glands may not function as efficiently, making it more challenging for them to cool down effectively in hot environments.

Increased Surface Area to Body Weight Ratio

Usually, children have larger surface areas relative to their body weight, which means they can absorb heat from the environment more quickly. This makes them more susceptible to overheating and increases the risk of heat-related illnesses.

Limited Self-awareness

Children may not recognise the signs of overheating or may not communicate their discomfort effectively. They might continue playing or engaging in physical activities despite feeling excessively hot. It increases their risk of getting ill from high heat.

Read more: Heat Stroke Prevention: Best foods, drinks to avoid heat exhaustion

Lack of Hydration Knowledge

Sometimes children are not aware of the importance of staying hydrated and forget to drink water regularly. Under the scorching summer sun, kids may continue playing, neglecting the necessity of fluid intake, which can increase their risk of dehydration.

Dependency on Adults

Children mostly rely on adults to provide them with water, shade, and appropriate clothing choices. If somehow a child is not adequately hydrated, does not take breaks, or does not take protective measures due to the negligence of the caregiver, he/she can be at a higher risk of heatstroke and heat exhaustion.

Participation in Sports or Activities

Children engaged in intense physical activities, or playing outdoors under the sun, are more at the risk of heat exhaustion. It happens especially when proper precautions are not taken. Extended periods of exertion in hot weather without adequate rest and hydration increase the risk significantly.

Read more: Heat Stroke: Symptoms, First Aid, and Prevention

Staying in Enclosed Spaces or Vehicles

Leaving children in enclosed spaces, such as a parked car under the sun, even for a short time, can be harmful for their health. Due to summer heatwaves, the temperature inside a vehicle can rise quickly, posing a severe risk of heatstroke or even death.

Lack of Adjustment

Children who have not acclimatised gradually to hot weather conditions are at higher risk of heat-related illnesses. Sudden exposure to extreme heat overwhelms their bodies. Their organs may struggle to regulate the body-temperature effectively.

Certain Medical Conditions

Children with specific medical conditions, such as asthma, obesity, diabetes, or heart disease, may have a higher risk of heat-related illnesses. These conditions can affect the body’s ability to regulate temperature or increase the vulnerability to dehydration.

Read more: Summer 2023: Ceiling Fan Buyer’s Guide with Price Range in Bangladesh

It is essential to be careful of these causes and take necessary precautions to protect children from excessive heat exposure. To ensure they remain adequately hydrated in hot environments is essential.

(Representational image: FreePik)

Signs of Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion in Children

Signs of Heat Stroke

·   High body temperature above 103°F (39.4°C)

·   Red, hot, and dry skin

·   Rapid breathing and heartbeat

·   Headache

·   Dizziness or light-headedness

·   Nausea and vomiting

·   Confusion or disorientation

·   Seizures

·   Loss of consciousness.

Read more: 10 ways to reduce your AC power consumption and lower electricity bill this summer

Signs of Heat Exhaustion

·   Excessive sweating

·   Weakness or fatigue

·   Pale or clammy skin

·   Headache

·   Dizziness or light-headedness

·   Nausea or vomiting

·   Muscle cramps

·   Fainting or feeling faint

·   Rapid but weak pulse

·   Cool, moist skin with goosebumps

It is very important to immediately recognise these signs and take necessary measures to help the child.

Read more: Summer Skin Care Guide For Men

 child protection heat stroke

(Representational image: FreePik)

Ways to Avoid Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion in Children

Move to a Cool Area

It is suggested to take the affected person to a cooler and shaded place, away from direct sunlight. It would be best if you could find a room with air-conditioning. This will help provide a cooler environment and reduce the risk of heat-related complications.

Remove Excess Clothing

Physicians suggest loosening or removing tight or unnecessary clothing the affected child is wearing. This will help improve airflow and allow heat to dissipate more effectively and aid in regulating their body temperature.

Cool the Body

It would be helpful to use cool water, damp towels, or ice packs to lower the child’s body temperature. Kindly pay attention to cooling the head, neck and armpits, as these are effective in bringing down body heat.

Read more: Beat the Heat: How to Stay Cool in Simmering Hot Weather?

Hydrate

Providing cool fluids such as water or oral rehydration solutions to the child is highly recommended. This will help replenish lost fluids and electrolytes in their body. It is important to avoid caffeinated beverages as they may not be as beneficial in this situation.

Rest

Doctors recommend parents to let the child rest in a comfortable position to allow for recovery and prevent additional strain. Taking it easy and avoiding further exertion will help the child regain their energy and recover more effectively.

Seek Medical Help

It would be wise to keep a close watch on the child for any signs of a medical emergency. If the symptoms become severe, worsen, or if the child loses consciousness, it is important to call emergency services immediately. Being vigilant and taking prompt action can help ensure the child’s safety.

Read more: Tips to Keep Home Cool in Summer Without AC

Prevent Further Heat Exposure

Parents should exercise caution and make sure the child is not exposed to high temperatures. It is highly recommended to create a cool and well-ventilated environment for their comfort and safety. Taking these precautions will help prevent heat-related issues and promote the child’s well-being.

Monitor the Child’s Condition

It is important to closely monitor the child’s vital signs and symptoms. Please continue providing assistance and support until medical professionals arrive. Your attentiveness and care during this time will be valuable in ensuring the child’s well-being.

Parents are advised to take these conditions seriously and respond accordingly. Please remember the importance of seeking immediate assistance and acting in the best interest of the child’s health.

Read more: Air Cooler Buyer’s Guide with Price Ranges in Bangladesh for 2023

Conclusion

Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are serious conditions that mostly occur during the summer season. To ensure children’s safety in hot weather, it is important to help them recognise the causes and signs of heat-related illness. Kids should be encouraged to seek shelter indoors immediately if they feel excessively hot or unwell. By following the above-mentioned ways, kids can have fun and stay safe during the summer.

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