Ransomware Still Top Cyber-threat for SMBs | #ransomware | #cybercrime

Ransomware continues to be the biggest cybersecurity threat to small- and medium- sized businesses (SMBs), according to a new report from Sophos, the cybersecurity-as-a-service firm.

Their new report, Cybercrime on the Main Street, has revealed the biggest trends facing SMBs, tracking the continued prevalence of ransomware, the top forms of malware used, and how threat actors are sharpening their attack skills.

According to the report, 50% of malware detections for SMBs were keyloggers, skyware, and stealers, malware that attackers use to steal data and credentials. Attackers use the stolen information to gain unauthorised remote access to extort victims, deploy ransomware, and more.

The Sophos report also analysed initial access brokers (IABs) – criminals who specialise in breaking into computer networks. As seen in the report, IABs are using the dark web to advertise their ability and services to break specifically into SMB networks or sell ready-to-go-access to SMBs they’ve already cracked.

“The value of ‘data,’ as currency has increased exponentially among cybercriminals, and this is particularly true for SMBs, which tend to use one service or software application, per function, for their entire operation,” said Christopher Budd, director of Sophos X-Ops research at Sophos

“For example, let’s say attackers deploy an infostealer on their target’s network to steal credentials and then get hold of the password for the company’s accounting software. Attackers could then gain access to the targeted company’s financials and have the ability to funnel funds into their own accounts.

“There’s a reason that more than 90% of all cyber-attacks reported to Sophos in 2023 involved data or credential theft, whether through ransomware attacks, data extortion, unauthorised remote access, or simply data theft.”

Ransomware Still the Biggest Cyberthreat to SMBs

Even though the number of ransomware attacks against SMBs have stablised, it continues to be the biggest cyberthreat to SMBs, according to the research.

Out of the SMB cases handled by Sophos, LockBit was the top ransomware gang wreaking havoc.

Akira and BlackCat were second and third, respectively. SMBs studied in the report also faced attack by lingering older and lesser-known ransomware such as BitLoker and Crytox.

Ransomware operators continue to change ransomware tactics, according to the report. This includes leveraging remote encryption and targeting managed service providers (MSPs).

Between 2022 and 2023, the number of ransomware attacks that involved remote encryption, when attackers use an unmanaged device on organisations’ networks to encrypt files on other systems in the network – increased by 62%.

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In addition, this past year, Sophos’s Managed Detection and Response (MDR) team responded to five cases involving small businesses that were attacked through an exploit in their MSPs’ remote monitoring and management (RMM) software.

Attackers Sharpen Their Social Engineering and Email Attacks

Following ransomware, business email compromise (BEC) attacks were the second highest type of attacks that Sophos IR handled in 2023, according to the Sophos report.

These BEC attacks and other social engineering campaigns contain an increasing level of sophistication.

Rather than simply sending an email with a malicious attachment, attackers are now more likely to engage with their targets by sending a series of conversational emails back and forth or even calling them.

In an attempt to evade detection by traditional spam prevention tools, attackers are now experimenting with new formats for their malicious content, embedding images that contain the malicious code or sending malicious attachments in OneNote or archive formats. In one case Sophos investigated, the attackers sent a PDF document with a blurry, unreadable thumbnail of an “invoice.” The download button contained a link to a malicious website.

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