Is North Korea Preparing a Missile Test?

On January 19, South Korea’s Yonhap news agency reported that North Korea had placed two missiles on mobile launchers in preparation for possible testing in the early days of the Trump administration. Details are still scarce, and it should be noted that North Korea has in the past prepared missiles…


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Is the Kalma Ballistic Missile Test Site Ready for an ICBM Launch?

North Korea has recently threatened to conduct its first test of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). Last week, media reports even cited “unnamed” South Korean officials stating a test of a previously unknown 2-stage ICBM “may be imminent.”[1] While the North’s ability to produce a 2-stage ICBM is questionable and…


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Continued Unidentified Activity at Site of North Korea’s Last Nuclear Test

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Jack Liu and Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr.  Recent commercial satellite imagery from August 4, 2016 shows continued activity at the Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site, specifically at the North Portal, site of North Korea’s fourth nuclear test conducted in January 2016. While supplies and/or…


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North Korea’s Ballistic Missile Submarine: Probable Post-Missile Test Maintenance; Construction Hall Externally Complete

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Joseph S. Bermudez Jr. Summary Recent commercial satellite imagery, acquired five days after the July 9 launch of the second KN-11 this year, shows post-test activity and provides a status update of the Sinpo South Shipyard, the homeport of North Korea’s GORAE-class ballistic…


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North Korea: High-Level of Activity at Nuclear Test Site Portal but Purpose is Unclear

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Joseph S. Bermudez Jr. Summary Recent commercial satellite imagery indicates a high-level of activity at North Korea’s Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site, specifically at the North Portal area where the DPRK conducted its 2013 and 2016 nuclear tests. Based on imagery alone, it is…


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Correcting the Record on 38 North’s Analysis of North Korea’s Possible Fifth Nuclear Test

The recent article, “What’s behind North Korea’s attempts for dialogue?” by Cha Du-Hyeogn, published by NK News calls 38 North to task as “falling for Pyongyang’s trickery” and reporting on “omens” of an imminent fifth nuclear test. Normally, we wouldn’t respond to such comments, but 38 North takes a great…


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Hackers test defences of Middle East banks

Hackers are probing the defences of banks in the Middle East, targeting employees with infected emails which gather information about the banks’ network and user accounts, FireEye researchers said. FireEye, a US cybersecurity company investigating the February attack on Bangladesh’s central bank in which hackers stole $81 million, said there…


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Update on North Korea’s Nuclear Test Site

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Jack Liu and Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr. Recent commercial satellite imagery from April 28 shows signs of continued low-level activity at the Punggye-ri nuclear test site. Based on available evidence, it is not possible to determine whether these activities are related to continued…


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Sohae Satellite Launching Station: Activity at the Vertical Engine Test Stand 

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Jack Liu and Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr. Recent commercial satellite imagery of the Sohae Satellite Launching Station shows continued low-level activity that does not suggest imminent preparations for either the launch of a space launch vehicle (SLV) or engine test. Low-level Activity at…


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North Korea’s Nuclear Test Site: Limited Activity Continues; Tunnel Excavation Resumes

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Jack Liu. Summary New commercial satellite imagery of North Korea’s Punggye-ri nuclear test site from April 19 shows limited vehicle and equipment activity at the North Portal and Main Support Area as well as indications of resumed excavation operations at the West Portal….


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A Fifth Nuclear Test at Punggye-ri?

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Jack Liu. News reports suggest the possibility of an impending fifth nuclear or mobile ballistic missile test to celebrate the birthday of Kim Jong Un’s grandfather, Kim Il Sung, on April 15. Recent commercial satellite imagery shows little evidence that Pyongyang is planning…


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Ethical hackers to test computer network security

Leicester city council have hired ‘ethical hackers’ to help them improve their cyber security. Over the past 18 months, 11 council staff have had their computers infected, which caused localised disruption to their desktops. The council have decided to employ two IT auditors as part of their cyber resilience programme…


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Post-Launch Activity Observed at Sohae: Rocket Engine Test Possible

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Jack Liu. Executive Summary Recent commercial satellite imagery indicates new activity at North Korea’s Sohae Satellite Launching Station since the February 7 satellite launch, including possible preparations for a rocket engine test. An unusual convoy of five small 4-meter-long trucks, apparently traveling north…


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Is North Korea Preparing for a Fifth Nuclear Test?

A 38 North exclusive with analysis by Jack Liu. Recent news reports citing South Korean intelligence sources state that North Korea is preparing for its fifth nuclear test. Such a reaction to pending United Nations and US sanctions is possible given the North’s past behavior. However, an examination of commercial…


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